Western Toad

Adopt me! Your contribution helps provide my food, toys, and medical care. I’ll stay at the museum, and you’ll get a photo of me and a certificate as reminders of your generosity. Check out our adoption section and see all of our adoption levels.

Western Toad 

Bufo boreas

Sub-species: Boreal Toad, Bufo boreas boreas
California Toad, Bufo boreas halophilus


The toads on exhibit in the habitats were privately collected and then later donated to us in 1993, 1999, and 2002. One was captive-bred at the National Mississippi River Museum and Aquarium as part of an Association of Zoos and Aquariums captive breeding program and transferred to us in June 2008.

Fun Facts

Western toads are considered the gardener’s friend because they eat common garden pests like insects and slugs.

Birth Date


Diet in the Wild

Over 95 percent of their adult diet consists of flying insects, ants, beetles, sowbugs, spiders, centipedes, slugs, and earthworms. They will also take larger items like small mice if given a chance.

Diet at the Museum

Crickets, worms, and baby mice.

Life Span

In the Wild: 8 to 12 years.
In Captivity: 12 to 16 years.


Varies from desert streams to mountain meadows; burrows in loose soil or abandoned burrows; and is always found near water.


Western USA, south into Mexico, north into Canada, and along the coast of southern Alaska.
Note: The above ranges are mostly for the sub-species boreal toad. The sub-species California toad is only found in north central California into west central Nevada, south, east of the deserts, into Baja California.